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Tilghman, William Matthew, 1854-1924

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1854-07-04-1924-11-01-

Biographical / Historical

Bill Tilghman was a career lawman during the Wild West days of Kansas and Oklahoma. He was the city marshal in Dodge City, participated in the Kansas County Seat Wars and the Oklahoma land rushes, and served as a Deputy U.S. Marshal in Oklahoma. With fellow marshals Heck Thomas and Chris Madsen, known as Oklahoma's Three Guardsmen, he is credited with bringing order to the Territory. He documented his life in The passing of the Oklahoma outlaws, a film that he directed and starred in as himself. In 1924, at age 70, he became city marshal of Cromwell, Oklahoma and was shot and killed after arresting a corrupt federal prohibition agent for public intoxication.

Found in 10 Collections and/or Records:

Armentrout Studio Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-1549
Scope and Contents Black and white original and copy prints of Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory and state, including street scenes, farming, businesses, railroads and industry.
Dates: 1889-1910

Charles B. Rhodes Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-1422
Scope and Contents Black and white copy and original prints of Judge Isaac Parker and federal marshals who operated out of Fort Smith, Arkansas. Also included are photographs of some of the outlaws captured or killed by the marshals. Charles B. Rhodes Manuscript Collection also in repository.
Dates: 1880-1930

Dorothy Johnson Collection

 Collection — Box: 1
Identifier: WHC-M-2535
Scope and Contents FULL FINDING AID (PDF)

Collection. Stories (n.d.) written by Matie Mowbray Thomas concerning the exploits of Deputy U.S. Marshal, Heck Thomas, including a transcription of a letter written by Isaac Parker recommending Thomas' appointment as marshal of U.S. courts for Oklahoma; Correspondence (1876-1960) concerning Heck Thomas, including a letter to Thomas from U.S. Senator Tom P. Gore, a letter to Bill Doolin from his wife, Edith, and a letter to Matie Thomas from Chris Madsen. Also includes magazine articles (1935) titled "Truth is Stranger than Fiction" and "Heck Thomas Collects" recounting the exploits of Heck Thomas as a railroad express messenger in Texas, and as U.S. deputy marshal in Indian Territory; and diaries (1889-1895) kept by Heck Thomas which include notations about cases, witnesses, etc.
Dates: 1876-1960

Frank M. Canton Collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: WHC-M-905
Scope and Contents FULL FINDING AID (PDF)

Lawman. Canton's correspondence while a U.S. Deputy Marshal and Oklahoma Adjutant General; reminiscenses of his experiences in Texas, Oklahoma, Wyoming, and Alaska; newspaper clippings about his experiences and related artifacts. Also contains autobiographical material on Canton.
Dates: 1886-1928

Poster Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-M-1235
Scope and Contents FULL FINDING AID (PDF)

Posters, full color and black and white, published in the United States and Europe, regarding wild west shows, traveling medicine shows, vaudeville acts, theatrical events, political elections, and the U.S. military. Also included are government propaganda posters, published in the United States, France and Italy during the first and second World Wars, regarding materials conservation, patriotism, liberty loans, military recruitment and other prominent wartime themes.
Dates: 1884-1986

U.S. District Court Collection: Western District of Oklahoma

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-M-1321
Scope and Contents FULL FINDING AID (PDF)

Stenographers' notebooks (1893-1910); books (1873-1912) of statutes, cases, and rules of procedure; U.S. Marshal's records (1890-1912), and Court Clerk's records (1892-1921) concerning witness, juror, prisoner, and court staff expenses; ledgers (1898-1935); and correspondence (1894-1926) of the Court Clerk and the Marshal with the Attorney General, the United States Attorney and others. U.S. District Court Photograph Collection also in repository.
Dates: 1890-1935

Walter Stanley Campbell Collection

 Collection — Drawer: 8606
Identifier: WHC-M-84
Scope and Contents FULL FINDING AID (PDF)

Author and professor. Personal correspondence (1897-1957); correspondence with Campbell's relatives (1822-1896); correspondence with publishers and literary agents (1920-1958); literary manuscripts (ca. 1914-1957); diaries, notebooks, and journals (1901-1926); and business papers (ca. 1925-1959) regarding Campbell's writings on the West, Indians, and Oklahoma, with emphasis on transportation, fortifications, cowboys, wars and battles, criminals and outlaws, and Indian chiefs, along with original Indian art by Carl Sweezy. Walter Stanley Campbell Photograph Collection also in repository.
Dates: 1800-1964

Walter Stanley Campbell Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-895
Scope and Contents Black and white original and copy prints of Comanche, Cheyenne, Cheyenne-Arapaho, Arapaho, Sac and Fox, Sioux, Blackfoot, Kiowa, Crow, Ute, Shawnee, Omaha, Pueblo, Shoshoni, Pawnee, Ponca, Assinibone, Apache, Yakima Nez Perce, Umatilla, Wichita, Osage, Potawatomi and Flathead Indians. Also included are photographs of the U.S. Army during the Indian Wars (1865-1891), Western forts and posts, the Little Big Horn battlefield, trails and settlements of the Southwest, soil conservation and dust storms, Oklahoma towns, mountain ranges and National Parks.
Dates: 1870-1935

William Matthew Tilghman Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-M-614
Scope and Contents FULL FINDING AID (PDF)

U.S. Marshal. Correspondence (1901-1960) to and from William M. and Zoe Tilghman regarding family affairs, outlaws, Communist infiltration of the Works Progress Administration in Oklahoma, and poets and writers of Oklahoma; Tilghman's personal financial records (n.d.); manuscripts and typescripts (n.d.), including Tilghman's memoirs; publications (1843-1949) from the Poetry Society of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma Authors' Club, the Women of '89 Club, etc., including a mid-nineteenth century etiquette book; programs (1903-1934) of various academic, social, charitable and religious organizations; clippings regarding outlaws; and showbills for western movies.
Dates: 1843-1960

William Matthew Tilghman Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-1165
Scope and Contents Black and white original and copy prints of Oklahoma marshals, outlaws, frontier life, and agriculture along with scenes of the communities of Perry, Guthrie, Fort Sill and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The collection also includes photographs of Apache, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, Sioux and Wichita Indians. William M. Tilghman Manuscript Collection also in repository.
Dates: 1889-1925