Skip to main content

Tilghman, William Matthew, 1854-1924

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1854-07-04 - 1924-11-01

Biographical / Historical

Bill Tilghman was a career lawman during the Wild West days of Kansas and Oklahoma. He was the city marshal in Dodge City, participated in the Kansas County Seat Wars and the Oklahoma land rushes, and served as a Deputy U.S. Marshal in Oklahoma. With fellow marshals Heck Thomas and Chris Madsen, known as Oklahoma's Three Guardsmen, he is credited with bringing order to the Territory. He documented his life in The passing of the Oklahoma outlaws, a film that he directed and starred in as himself. In 1924, at age 70, he became city marshal of Cromwell, Oklahoma and was shot and killed after arresting a corrupt federal prohibition agent for public intoxication.

Found in 2 Collections and/or Records:

Armentrout Studio Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-1549
Scope and Contents

Black and white original and copy prints of Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory and state, including street scenes, farming, businesses, railroads and industry.

Dates: 1889-1910

Walter Stanley Campbell Collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: WHC-M-84
Scope and Contents

Professor. Personal correspondence (1897–1957); correspondence with Campbell’s relatives (1822–1896); correspondence with publishers and literary agents (1920–1958); literary manuscripts (circa 1914–1957); diaries, notebooks, and journals (1901–1926); and business papers (circa 1925–1959) regarding Campbell’s writings on the West, Indians, and Oklahoma, with emphasis on transportation, fortifications, cowboys, wars and battles, criminals and outlaws, and American Indian chiefs, along with original Indian art by Carl Sweezy. [Boxes 104 through 121 of this collection are available online at the OU Libraries website.]FULL FINDING AID (PDF)

Dates: 1800-1964