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Tilghman, William Matthew, 1854-1924

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1854-07-04 - 1924-11-01

Biographical / Historical

Bill Tilghman was a career lawman during the Wild West days of Kansas and Oklahoma. He was the city marshal in Dodge City, participated in the Kansas County Seat Wars and the Oklahoma land rushes, and served as a Deputy U.S. Marshal in Oklahoma. With fellow marshals Heck Thomas and Chris Madsen, known as Oklahoma's Three Guardsmen, he is credited with bringing order to the Territory. He documented his life in The passing of the Oklahoma outlaws, a film that he directed and starred in as himself. In 1924, at age 70, he became city marshal of Cromwell, Oklahoma and was shot and killed after arresting a corrupt federal prohibition agent for public intoxication.

Found in 4 Collections and/or Records:

Armentrout Studio Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-1549
Scope and Contents

Black and white original and copy prints of Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory and state, including street scenes, farming, businesses, railroads and industry.

Dates: 1889-1910

Charles B. Rhodes Photograph Collection

 Collection — Box: Photo R-5
Identifier: WHC-P-1422
Scope and Contents

Black and white copy and original prints of Judge Isaac Parker and federal marshals who operated out of Fort Smith, Arkansas. Also included are photographs of some of the outlaws captured or killed by the marshals. Charles B. Rhodes Manuscript Collection also in repository.

Dates: 1880-1930

Walter Stanley Campbell Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-895
Scope and Contents

Black and white original and copy prints of Comanche, Cheyenne, Cheyenne-Arapaho, Arapaho, Sac and Fox, Sioux, Blackfoot, Kiowa, Crow, Ute, Shawnee, Omaha, Pueblo, Shoshoni, Pawnee, Ponca, Assinibone, Apache, Yakima Nez Perce, Umatilla, Wichita, Osage, Potawatomi and Flathead Indians. Also included are photographs of the U.S. Army during the Indian Wars (1865-1891), Western forts and posts, the Little Big Horn battlefield, trails and settlements of the Southwest, soil conservation and dust storms, Oklahoma towns, mountain ranges and National Parks.

Dates: 1870-1935

William Matthew Tilghman Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: WHC-P-1165
Scope and Contents

Black and white original and copy prints of Oklahoma marshals, outlaws, frontier life, and agriculture along with scenes of the communities of Perry, Guthrie, Fort Sill and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The collection also includes photographs of Apache, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, Sioux and Wichita Indians. William M. Tilghman Manuscript Collection also in repository.

Dates: 1889-1925