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Jennings, Al, 1863-1961



  • Existence: 1863-11-25 - 1961-12-26

Biographical / Historical

Al Jennings served as a prosecuting attorney in the Oklahoma Territory from 1892 until 1894. He practiced law with his brothers, but after one brother was killed and another wounded by a rival attorney, he left the law practice to become a ranch hand, then an outlaw. He served 5 years in prison. In 1904, O. Henry, published a short story inspired by Jennings's career, and in 1907, he was pardoned by Theodore Roosevelt. He moved to Oklahoma City and became active in politics. In 1914 he starred in the film adaptation of his own book, Beating back. After retiring from law and politics, he moved to California and worked in the motion picture industry. Al Jennings of Oklahoma, made in 1951, is a biographical film of his life.

Found in 4 Collections and/or Records:

Claude Hensley Collection

 Collection — Box H-8
Identifier: WHC-M-274
Scope and Contents


Typesetter, Linotype Operator for the Oklahoman. Typescripts of various documents dealing with Quanah Parker, life at Fort Sill and Fort Reno, Oklahoma Territory, buffalo hunting, and the memoirs of E.H. Linzee describing the development of Oklahoma Territory. Claude Hensley Photograph Collection also in repository.

Dates: 1860-1940

Gordon William Lillie Photograph Collection

Identifier: WHC-P-1516
Scope and Contents

Black and white original and copy prints of Gordon W. Lillie (Pawnee Bill), his family, firends, and Wild West Shows. Included are photographs of Tom Mix, William S. Hart, Will Rogers, Buffalo Bill Cody, along with a panorama of Gordon W. Lillie and Pawnee Indians travelling to President Herbert Hoover's inauguration. Gordon William Lillie Manuscript Collection also in repository.

Dates: 1846-1935

Noah Hamilton Rose Photograph Collection

Identifier: WHC-P-1109
Scope and Contents

Black and white copy prints from the original nitrate negatives of early Texas history, Texas Rangers, lawmen, outlaws, gunfighters, and wild west shows. Also included are photographs of ranchers, cattlemen and cowboys of the Southwest, the U.S. Army during the Apache campaigns, the Little Big Horn battlefield and the Indian Wars of 1876 and 1890-1891, along with churches, cathedrals, and missions of Texas, California and Arizona. The collection also contains images of Comanche, Sioux, Shoshoni, Pueblo, Creek, Chippewa, Maricopa, Arapaho, Papago, Kickapoo, Yuma, Modoc, Cheyenne, Pawnee, Kiowa, Navajo, Apache, and Crow Indians. Prominent western personalities include Wild Bill Hickok, Buffalo Bill, Geronimo, Quanah Parker, Sitting Bull, Frank and Jesse James, Heck Thomas, Bill Tilghman, Chris Madsen, Pat Garrett, Billy the Kid, the Daltons and Youngers, Judge Roy Bean, George A. Custer, California Joe, the Sundance Kid, Butch Cassidy, and the Earp brothers.

Dates: 1836-1940

William Matthew Tilghman Collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: WHC-M-614
Scope and Contents


U.S. Marshal. Correspondence (1901-1960) to and from William M. and Zoe Tilghman regarding family affairs, outlaws, Communist infiltration of the Works Progress Administration in Oklahoma, and poets and writers of Oklahoma; Tilghman's personal financial records (n.d.); manuscripts and typescripts (n.d.), including Tilghman's memoirs; publications (1843-1949) from the Poetry Society of Oklahoma, the Oklahoma Authors' Club, the Women of '89 Club, etc., including a mid-nineteenth century etiquette book; programs (1903-1934) of various academic, social, charitable and religious organizations; clippings regarding outlaws; and showbills for western movies.

Dates: 1843-1960